Reform of Separated parts and Scrap Metal Markets
The prevailing vehicle age profile of profit-motivated thefts indicates that theft for scrap metal could account for half of all vehicles stolen not recovered in Australia. Gaps and anomalies in the way the separated parts and scrap metal markets have been traditionally regulated across Australia including exemptions from licenced motor car trader (LMCT) and second-hand dealer licencing and registration requirements has allowed ‘theft for scrap’ rackets to flourish with little risk of detection.
In 2017, the NSW Government introduced Australian-first crime prevention laws aimed at curbing the illicit trade in scrap metal. The Scrap Metal Industry Act 2016 requires persons dealing in scrap metal to register with NSW Police, bans cash transactions and imposes a range of obligations on participants to maintain certain records and report suspicious activity. It also features—
- a prohibition on buying vehicles with no or obscured identity;
- broad powers of police entry without a warrant; and
- flexible penalties for non-compliance including provision for short-term and long-term closure
Following the introduction of the NSW legislation, amendments to Victoria’s second-hand dealing laws came into effect in May 2018. The Victorian model represents an administrative solution, including a ban on cash payments, a requirement to keep records of transactions and to register as a second-hand dealer.
The NSW and Victorian reforms represent a major step forward, however, similar vulnerabilities exist in the remaining states and territories. The NMVTRC is now exploring options for complementary reform in other jurisdictions, starting with establishing local expert working groups in Western Australia and South Australia.
Law firm Duncan Lawyers has also been engaged to develop a set of drafting instructions for consideration of the working groups in the two states, with options for both a standalone crime prevention model or amendments to local second-hand dealings laws. Further consultation and review will take place over the coming months.
The NMVTRC also recently called on the Commonwealth’s Joint Parliamentary Committee on Law Enforcement to include the express addition of stolen vehicles and parts to the schedule of prohibited exports under the Customs Act to its recommendations to the Australian Government. The NMVTRC says this would greatly elevate the level of sanctions available to law enforcement agencies to combat illicit exports nationally. Anyone exporting a prohibited good, without the relevant written permission or licence, could face penalties of up to $525,000 or 10 years imprisonment, or both.”